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Upload Files to your Virtual Server

One of the most basic tasks you will need to perform as a Virtual Server Administrator is uploading files to your web site. There are five ways in which you can easily upload files to your server.

Method Description
File Transfer Protocol
(FTP)
The most common method of transferring files. Involves the use of software dedicated to the use of transferring files.
Windows Filesharing
(Samba)
Allows you to connect to your Virtual Server as though it were part of your local network
Web Content Publisher
(http_put)
A feature frequently included in web development software packages
Ace A custom-authored java-based utility to administer your Virtual Server. Includes the ability to transfer files between two remote servers
iManager Allows you to use your own web browser to upload and download files to and from your Virtual Server


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File Transfer Protocol (FTP)

In order to transfer files via FTP, you must have an FTP client installed on your PC. You can find many free and useful clients on the Internet. Search for "FTP client" in your favorite search engine or visit www.tucows.com for downloads and reviews.

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  1. Connect to your Virtual Server via FTP using your login id and your login password that you received in your email Configuration Letter. Do not login as "anonymous", as you will not have access to the directories and files you need.

  2. After you log in, you will be placed in your Virtual Server home directory (~/usr/home/login_id). This is the same directory you find yourself in when you connect to your Virtual Server via Telnet or SSH.

  3. Your FTP client should allow you to select the file transfer mode, either ASCII or BINARY. Use ASCII mode to transfer text files and BINARY mode to transfer binary files. Most FTP clients have an "Automatic" transfer mode option that can be set. When this option is selected the FTP client will automatically determine which file transfer mode to use when you upload or download files.

    NOTE: Be sure you transfer all text files, including your HTML files and CGI script source code, in ASCII format! All image files (.gif, .jpg, etc.) must be transferred in BINARY format.

WS_FTP (Windows)
If your computer uses Windows operating system, WS_FTP is an extremely friendly, intuitive and easy-to-use ftp client. Specific instructions about how to use WS_FTP are included below:
  1. Establish a connection to your Virtual Server by selecting the "Connect" button. Specify your company name as the "Profile Name", your domain name (or temporary domain name if your domain name has not yet been registered) as the "Host Name/Address", your login name as the "User ID", and your login password as the "Password".

  2. Once a connection is established, two columns will appear on your screen. The column on the left displays files on your computer while the column on the right represents directories and files on your Virtual Server.

  3. You will want to navigate to the ~/www/htdocs, ~/usr/local/etc/httpd/htdocs, or the folder you indicated as the document root if you created a subhost on your Virtual Server. This is the directory where you will store your web content.

  4. Select the appropriate files or directories that you want to transfer from your computer (the left side) to your Virtual Server (the right side) by selecting them with your mouse. You can select more than one by holding down the shift key.

  5. Once these files are selected you simply hit the arrow "-->" pointing toward the right or toward the Virtual Server directory window. Be sure that all HTML documents and cgi script are transferred in ASCII mode. Graphics should be transferred in Binary format. The latest versions of WS_FTP provide an "Auto" toggle button you can select- WS_FTP will then automatically determine which mode to transfer the file (we recommend you use the "Auto" mode).

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Fetch (Macintosh)
If your computer is a Macintosh, Fetch is is probably the most popular FTP Client available and is quite easy to use. Specific instructions about how to use Fetch are included below:
  1. Establish a connection to your Virtual Server by selecting the "New Connection" button under the "File" menu. Specify your domain name (or temporary domain name if your domain name has not yet been registered) as the "Host", your login name as the "User ID", and your login password as the "Password".

  2. You will want to navigate to the ~/www/htdocs, ~/usr/local/etc/httpd/htdocs, or the folder you indicated as the document root if you created a subhost. folder on your Virtual Server. This is the directory where you will store your web content.

  3. To upload content to your Virtual server you can either drag files and folders from your desktop to the Fetch window or select the "Put File..." button and select files and folders.

  4. Be sure that all HTML documents and cgi script are transferred in ASCII mode. Graphics should be transferred in Binary format. Fetch also has a setting, "Automatic", that you can select- Fetch will then automatically determine which mode to transfer the file (we recommend you use the "Automatic" mode).
SEE ALSO:

Using an FTP Console

Transferring your domain to your Virtual Server

Creating user accounts

Administration Utilities

13 basic Unix Commands

Configuring your Web Server

BOOKS TO HELP YOU:


Information Architecture for the World Wide Web



Webmaster in a Nutshell:
Deluxe Edition



The Domain Name Handbook; High Stakes and Strategies in Cyberspace



Unix : Visual QuickStart Guide



Apache Server Bible



Web Security:
A Step-by-Step Reference Guide

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