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Windows Filesharing

Windows File Sharing allows you to map a Windows network drive to your Virtual Server home directory across the Internet. Once you have mapped the Windows network drive to your Virtual Server you can "drag-and-drop" files to and from your Virtual Server as if it were a local drive.

Overview
The Windows File Sharing feature for Virtual Servers is made possible by Samba, an SMB client and server for the UNIX O/S. SMB is the protocol by which PCs running the Windows O/S share files and other information such as lists of available files.
    IMPORTANT: Because UNIX uses a different EOL (End Of Line) scheme* than DOS/Windows you will need to translate any text (html, perl script, etc.) files before copying them up to your Virtual Server. We have a very useful utility, fixcrlf, that you can install on your Windows machine to help convert DOS files to UNIX and UNIX files to DOS. With fixcrlf you simply drag-and-drop your file on to the fixcrlf dialog. It automatically detects the ASCII file type and makes the proper conversion. Please note that binary files do not need to be converted.

    Tip: Use an editor that is "UNIX aware" like HotDog Pro from Sausage Software or TextPad so you don't have to worry about converting the file before uploading your content. You can then edit your content right on your Virtual Server volume directly over the Internet.

    *
    UNIX text files have lines delimited by a single line-feed character (0A hex), whereas DOS text-mode files are delimited with a carriage-return/linefeed pair (0D/OA hex).
Configuration
Once you complete this setup, you can have your PC automatically reconnect each time you log in. Therefore, you only need to set up Windows File Sharing once. Instructions for Windows NT are listed in parentheses.
  1. Install network protocol software on your Windows PC
    Be sure "Client for Microsoft Networks" and the "TCP/IP" protocol stack are installed on your computer. Check Control Panel>Network>Configuration (Control Panel>Network>Services). TCP/IP is probably already installed since it is necessary in order to connect to the Internet.

  2. Create or update your Windows "lmhosts" file
    Locate and modify a file titled "lmhosts" in your "C:\Windows" (c:\WINNT) directory, assuming that your operating system is installed on the C drive. If the file does not exist then you will need to create it. In some revisions of Windows 95/98 a sample "lmhosts" file is included with the software installation.

    You can search for the existence of this sample file by using one of two methods. One way to find the file is simply by using your Windows Explorer to review the contents of your "C:\Windows" (c:\WINNT) directory, looking specifically for a filename like "Lmhosts.sam". You can also search for the file by using the file search capability in your "Start -> Find -> Files or Folders…" menu.




    Open a text editor like TextPad and open the lmhosts.sam file there or create one. In a new line at the bottom of the file you have just opened, add the IP address of your Virtual Server and a nickname with which you would like to identify the IP addresw. Please consider the following examples:

    1.2.3.4           nickname
    192.41.255.255    "Virtual Server"

    If the nickname you choose includes a space or other special characters, you must enclose the nickname with quotation marks. If you are administering multiple Virtual Server accounts, then you will need to specify a unique nickname for each IP address you include.

    Also, please make sure that each host entry ends with a line feed. Press your enter key a couple of times after the last entry in your lmhosts file just to be "safe".

    After you have finished adding the lines to your lmhosts file, save the file to your "C:\Windows" (c:\WINNT) directory under the name "lmhosts". Most windows editors will want you to specify a file extension like ".txt" or ".doc". You can prevent this from happening by enclosing the filename in quotation marks.


  3. Enable plain text passwords
    Depending upon the version of Windows you are running, you may need to update your system registry in order to enable plain text passwords.

      Windows 2000
      The system registry must be updated. Download and run the following program, which will automatically update the registry for you.

      Win2000_PlainPassword.reg

      Windows 98/NT
      The system registry must be updated. In the "Start Menu" select "Run...". This will bring up a Run window with a text entry field. Input "regedit" and hit "Ok". This will bring up the Registry Editor. Select the following folders:

        Windows 98
        expand HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
        then expand System
        then expand CurrentControlSet
        then expand Services
        then expand VxD
        then select VNETSUP

        Windows NT
        expand HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE
        then expand System
        then expand CurrentControlSet
        then expand Services
        then expand Rdr
        then select Parameters

      On the right hand side you will see a collection of name:data pairs. To add a new entry here for EnablePlainTextPassword, select the "Edit" menu, then select "New", then "DWORD Value". This will create a new name:data pair. Change the name from the default "New Value #1" to "EnablePlainTextPassword". The name:data pair should now look like:

      EnablePlainTextPassword      0x00000000 (0)

      Highlight the "EnablePlainTextPassword" and then select the "Edit" menu and the "Modify" menu item (it should be the first menu item). In the "Edit DWORD Value" dialog box change the "Value data" value form "0" to "1" and make sure the "Hexadecimal" Base radio button is selected. Then select the "Ok" dialog. Exit the Registry Editor.

      Windows 95
      Plain text passwords are enabled by default. No action is necessary.

  4. Restart your Windows PC.
    Do not merely logoff then logon. Shut down and restart your computer.

  5. Map a Windows network drive to your Virtual Server
    Now that you have included IP address/nickname pairs in your lmhosts file, you are reading to establish network connections using the File Sharing capability.

    Right-click on the My Computer icon on the desktop and select "Map Network Drive." This will open up the "Map Network Drive" dialog box.

    Using this dialog, you will map a specific drive letter to the File Sharing Connection. Select an available drive letter from the 'Drive:' drop-down box. The value for the 'Path:' definition should be of the form "\\NICKNAME\LOGIN" where NICKNAME is one of the nicknames you defined for a specific IP address in your lmhosts file and LOGIN is the login id for the Virtual Server at that IP address.



    Example: If you defined the nickname "Virtual Server" for the IP address of your Virtual Server account and the login id for your account was "biff", then you would enter "\\Virtual Server\biff" as the value in the 'Path:' text entry field. If you would like the drive mapped each time you logon to your computer then select the "Reconnect at logon" check box.

    Select the "OK" button after you have selected a Drive letter and specified a path. Your computer will then attempt to map the drive to the home directory of your Virtual Server. This process can take several minutes so please be patient. If a connection is established, you will be prompted for your login password. After you enter your password and successfully authenticate, your Windows Explorer will display the drive letter on the left-hand side along with your local drives. You can now double-click on directories to expand paths and double-click on files to open them locally. If you need to upload files to a specific directory, you need only drag the file from your local folder to your Virtual Server folder. Likewise, if you want to download a file to your local machine, you would select the file in your Virtual Server folder and drag it to your desktop or a local file folder. It's that easy!

NOTE: Samba will not work if you are behind a firewall unless port 139TCP is opened. If you are using a cable internet connection, you may also want to check with your Internet access provider to ensure there is no firewall set up for your high-speed access account.

SEE ALSO:

Using Telnet/SSH

Server Basics

Virtual Server Configuration

Administration Utilities

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